By James Bach
About once a week, I get an email like one of these:
I’m from Hyderabad, India. I’m working as a Testing Engineer and doing Manual Testing from the Last 1 Year. I want to know what are things I need to follow to become a good tester. I didn’t have any programming background. I want to learn automation testing for career growth, I want to improve my test case preparing skills and documentation skills. Please suggest me in this regard.
I am looking for software testing jobs. Actually I’m fresher, I don’t know much about testing but I interested too. Can you please suggest me which type of testing is good?(like manual or automation or etc..) I have got some ideas about manual testing and DB-PL/SQL.
I am a Big Fan Of You.
BTech Graduate In Electrical & Electronics. Done Software testing course in QTP and Selenium. I got job as Mobile Application Tester. I am the only tester in this company. iOS and Android Apps. Now i have 3 months experience. I am mainly doing Manual testing. I dont know , whether i am going in right path.
Can you help me please? (Advice)
This blog post shall be my standard answer to these emails…
Dear New Tester/Testing Hopeful,
Thank you for choosing testing. We need smart people in our craft, and I hope you are one of them. I know you must have something going for you because, unlike most young testers, you reached out to me. That’s not easy.
Here are some general ideas:
Read my blog (www.satisfice.com/blog).
Read the materials on my website (www.satisfice.com).
Consider reading either of of my books: Lessons Learned in Software Testing, or Secrets of a Buccaneer-Scholar.
Read the materials and blog at www.developsense.com
Get on Twitter and watch the conversations among the Context-Driven community. Participate in those discussions.
Join [email protected] It’s a quiet, moderated email forum for Context-Driven testers.
I offer free coaching, too, but you have to read this blog post first.
Practice testing things that aren’t secret, and then post your test results online so that others can see them.
Consider taking the RTI Online class.
Consider taking the BBST class.
Participate in sessions conducted by www.weekendtesting.com.
Consider attending the Let’s Test conference or the CAST conference.
If you want to get good at using tools while testing, try learning Python. Personally, I use Perl, but I hear Python is good.
Here are some books to read:
Introduction to General Systems Thinking, by Gerald M. Weinberg
Quality Software Management, Vol. 1: Systems Thinking, by Gerald M. Weinberg
Tacit and Explicit Knowledge, by Harry Collins
The Black Swan, by Nassim Taleb
Testing Computer Software, by Cem Kaner, remains a good classic testing book.
What about certification?
Don’t get certified. There are no respectable commercial testing certifications.
If you are forced to get certified for some reason, do not take it seriously. It’s not an achievement, it’s just a conveyor belt that extracts your money and gives you nothing you couldn’t get for the price of a Google search.
True certification remains this: the respect of respectable people.
What kinds of testers are there?
Automated? Manual? There is no such thing as manual or automated testing. It’s all just testing. Testing is often supported by tools that attempt to simulate user interaction with the system. This is what people call “test automation” even though it is only automating a crude approximation of one aspect of testing. If you have the ambition to be a one-man test team, it is extremely valuable to learn how to make your own tools.
Exploratory? Scripted? There is no such thing as an exploratory or scripted tester. All good testing is exploratory to some degree and scripted to some degree.
Tester. This is a testing generalist who can contribute to any test team. Sometimes called a QA analyst, QA engineer, or test engineer. I prefer the simplicity of “tester.”
Omega Tester. The omega tester (which I sometimes call a test jumper, after the analogy of a paratrooper) is one who can do anything. An omega tester is equipped to be the only tester in a project team, if necessary. Omega testers can lead testing, or work with a team of other testers. I am an omega tester. I aspire to be a good one.
Performance Tester. The performance tester understands the mathematics and dynamics of the performance of large-scale systems. They use tools that create high loads and measure the performance envelope of systems as they scale up. Performance testers often don’t think of themselves as testers.
Usability Tester. The usability tester is a bit mythical. I have met only two dedicated usability testers in my entire career, but I have seen more of them from a distance. A usability tester specializes in studying how users feel about using and learning a product.
Security Tester. Security testers also often don’t think of themselves as testers. Security is an exciting, specialized form of testing that requires the mastery of a great many facts about a great many technologies.
Testing Toolsmith. A testing toolsmith is a programmer dedicated to writing and maintaining tools that help testers. This is what a lot of people would call an “automated tester” but you better not use that term around me.
“SDET” Software Development Engineer in Test. This means a full on programmer who does testing using his programming skills.
I want to help everyone, but at the same time, I have my own work to do. So, I limit my attention to a special kind of student. I work with people who study and practice and want to test better and understand testing more deeply than others. If that describes you, then instead of writing to me with a question, write to me with examples of your work.
P.S. See also what Allen Johnson has to say about this.